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MM Novato Reviews

A common myth perpetuated online is that insecticides are completely ineffective against bed bugs. This idea that chemicals won’t work against bed bugs is usually followed by a recommendation for natural or alternative treatments. What would be really unnatural is if an insect were to become completely immune to every pesticide ever made. While bed bugs […]

JT Eaton Kills Bed Bugs ULTRA Review

A common myth perpetuated online is that insecticides are completely ineffective against bed bugs. This idea that chemicals won’t work against bed bugs is usually followed by a recommendation for natural or alternative treatments. What would be really unnatural is if an insect were to become completely immune to every pesticide ever made.

While bed bugs can still be killed by pesticides, they have grown resistant to certain formulas. That’s why it’s important to use the newest formulas, not the old-school compounds that have been retired to the discount brands. JT Eaton Kills Bed Bugs ULTRA is one of the newest formula targeted specifically for bed bugs. This is a water-based spray with a proven dual-action formula that kills bed bugs on contact and leaves a long-lasting residual after it dries. Let’s check it out:

ULTRA Dual-Action Formula

JT Eaton isn’t new to making sprays and powders that are effective at killing bed bugs. Their oil-based contact spray was one of the first products on the market designed specifically to kill bed bugs rather than other indoor pests, and their aerosol-based JT Eaton Kills Bed Bugs Plus was the first dual-action formula that combined a quick knockdown with a long-lasting residual.

Now, JT Eaton has taken that same dual-action formula and released it in a high-volume, low-cost water-based solution. This new format requires no prep, is easier than ever to apply, and you aren’t paying for aerosol propellants in a can — the full volume of JT Eaton ULTRA bottles and gallons contain the active ingredient mixture.

The dual-action formula comprises of three active ingredients: pyrethrins, permethrin, and a synergist called PBO. Pyrethrins are organic compounds derived from the chrysanthemum flower. Pyrethrins have naturally evolved over time so they continue to deliver a fast knockdown to all kinds of insects, including bed bugs.

Permethrin is the second stage to JT Eaton ULTRA’s formula, a synthetic pyrethroid that kills on contact but leaves a dry residue when the spray evaporates that can keep killing for weeks after.

Both compounds are combined with a PBO synergist that inhibits the natural defense mechanisms that bed bugs use to defeat certain insecticides, ensuring that even the most resistant strains of bed bugs will still be affected by the formula.

Using JT Eaton Kills Bed Bugs ULTRA

JT Eaton ULTRA has been proven effective against bed bugs as well as cockroaches, ants, dust mites, fleas, ticks, and other household pests listed on its label. Even bed bug eggs can be killed by the long-lasting residue that is left behind for weeks after the initial application.

For use in a bed bug treatment, apply JT Eaton ULTRA as a spot treatment to cracks and crevices throughout the room, like the joints of the bed frame, the tufts and folds of the mattress and box spring, and along the headboard, footboard, baseboards, floorboards, and anywhere else where the wall meets the floor. It’s also a good idea to spray behind any picture frames or wall hangings and under the edges of the carpet if they’re easily accessible.

Be sure to shake the container thoroughly and spray from about 12 to 15 inches away from the spots you want to hit; we’re not looking to soak the surfaces that we’re treating, but we want an even and consistent application. The product label and MSDS have other application and safety instructions, so be sure to read and follow those for safe and effective usage.

Don’t use JT Eaton ULTRA or any other bed bug spray as a broad surface treatment; you don’t need to spray your bedding or saturate the mattress or box spring. A little bit goes a long way, and you only need it in those tight spaces bed bugs like to hide in.

You can wash your bedding as you normally would to treat them and use a vacuum and steamer to treat the mattress and box spring before spraying the small seams that bed bugs are likely to hide in. Then once the spray dries, you can seal the mattress and box spring with bed bug proof zippered encasements.

Since no spray treatment is likely to get rid of an infestation on its own, you’ll also want to follow the other steps in our proven 4-step solution, which includes isolating the bed and treating other parts of the room repeatedly.

JT Eaton ULTRA is lab-tested and proven to keep killing for up to 4 weeks, but it’s a good idea to use it during follow-up treatments every 2 weeks or so after the initial treatment — that way, you’re hitting any remaining bed bugs with that fast-acting knockdown again and ensuring that fresh product is on the surfaces of common hiding places throughout the room.

So that’s JT Eaton’s new ULTRA bed bug residual spray. This packs a proven dual-action contact and residual formula into a high-volume liquid solution. It comes in a small quart-sized bottle and a high-volume gallon container. Either way, this provides a great value per ounce which will come in handy over follow-up treatments, especially if you’re treating multiple rooms. For a modern bed bug treatment, you need a modern bed bug killing solution, and that’s what JT Eaton ULTRA delivers.

JT Eaton Kills Bed Bugs ULTRA (Residual Spray)

JT Eaton Kills Bed Bugs ULTRA combines fast-acting knockdown and long-lasting residual killing power in a water-based, dual-action solution. Its non-staining formulation can be applied to sofas, chairs, mattresses, curtains, and carpeting to kill bed bugs wherever they’re hiding.
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JT Eaton Kills Bed Bugs ULTRA (Residual Spray)
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Bed Bug Plug Active Monitor and Trap Review: Best Home Monitoring Solution?

Researchers and pest management pros agree that the best way to beat a bed bug infestation is to catch it early. One or two bed bugs can enter a home quite easily and multiply many times over in a matter of weeks. Waiting until bite marks appear isn’t enough since they don’t appear for everyone and when they do, it’s actually a few days after the feeding occurred before you see or feel a bite.

With that said, monitoring can be tricky, even for professional property managers or pest management. Bed bugs don’t like to be seen, so they tend to tuck away far out of reach until they’re ready for a meal. While you can inspect your bed and nearby areas regularly for signs of bed bugs, there’s no guarantee that you’ll find anything even if bed bugs have been active nearby. It’s worse if there were bed bugs feeding on someone that has since left the area – an unoccupied room will still have an infestation, but now there is no meal to draw them out and they might soon be tempted to travel further from the room to find another meal source.

This is where active monitors come in. In the past, these devices have incorporated some combination of heat, carbon dioxide, and unique pheromones, all of which are what bed bugs use to find a sleeping person to feed on. The problem is that many of these monitors aren’t consistently effective, and the ones that are tend to be pretty expensive and difficult to use, especially over a long period of time. They also haven’t been very easy to blend into your home in the past — the monitors professionals have been using up to now look like something serious is going on. Thankfully, we now have the Bed Bug Plug.

Unboxing and Overview

Bed Bug Plug unboxing

Unlike other bed bug monitoring systems, the Bed Bug Plug is designed to be easy to use and to blend in with a home environment. The basic kit comes in a single travel case and includes the device itself, an AC adapter plug, adhesive strips to fit the device to your mattress or bed frame, and a glue cartridge to trap bed bugs inside.

Bed Bug Plug setup

Setup couldn’t be easier: Just unpack the kit and peel the covers off of the adhesive strips so that they’re ready for use on the device’s protruding rails. Then find a soft spot on the bed or other furniture near a power outlet, even if the room is unoccupied. The adhesive strips aren’t intended for hard surfaces like walls or hardwood; instead, press the device against the bare mattress or a fabric headboard or footboard, then hold it in place for about 10 seconds so that the adhesive strips can take hold. If the room is unoccupied or doesn’t have a mattress available, lay the device flat on the edges of the bed frame or on the floor near the baseboard.

Using the Bed Bug Plug

Bed Bug Plug setup

No active monitoring solution has ever been truly set and forget, where you can just stick it somewhere and leave it alone forever, but the Bed Bug Plug comes closer than anything else. You just need to check the glue traps regularly for captured bugs and replace the traps every 3 months for a fresh one so that it stays nice and sticky. In the past, even the most high-end active monitors couldn’t stay running around the clock without manual upkeep, but the Bed Bug Plug will work 24/7 once installed.

Bed Bug Plug study

If you’re like me, you’ll be shown a simple little device like this with claims that it’ll reliably detect bed bugs and be pretty skeptical. I’ve certainly seen a lot of smaller consumer-oriented devices marketed for that but not proven to work how they need to. In the case of the Bed Bug Plug, a rigorous study was conducted by top entomologists at Rutgers University. In three different tests simulating real world monitoring conditions, the Bed Bug Plug was more effective than other top traps on the market by a huge margin. The unique heating solution built into the device and the reliable trap installed right up against it really works.

Bed Bug Plug on Headboard

However, active bed bug monitors like the Bed Bug Plug aren’t going to be the right choice all the time. If you’re already dealing with an infestation in a room that someone’s sleeping in, then you shouldn’t use an active monitor in that room. The sleeping host is a much larger and stronger lure that more effectively attracts bed bugs than any monitor can – there’s simply too much heat, carbon dioxide, and chemical odor coming off of a human body for a smaller lure to compete, even one as well-designed and proven as the Bed Bug Plug.

In the case of an occupied space, we can actually weaponize that sleeping host and use their luring effect for our treatment. By completely treating the bed first, then isolating it with passive traps like ClimbUp Interceptors, we can create a bed bug-proof bed for the occupant to safely continue sleeping in. When we apply residual sprays and powders to the area, the sleeping host will draw the bed bugs out of hiding so that they come in contact with the chemicals. We’ll also be able to inspect the passive traps on a regular basis to get a gauge of the population. If fewer and fewer bugs are caught in the ClimbUps, we know that the treatment is effective and that we’re closer to complete eradication.

Once a treatment is done, we still can’t be sure that the bed bugs are truly gone. Is the infestation eliminated, or are a few stragglers still hiding nearby? The best way to know for sure is with continued, post-treatment monitoring. Thanks to its long-term, low-maintenance function, the Bed Bug Plug is up to the task. Simply keep the device running for at least six weeks after your treatment to see if any remaining bugs are caught.

With that said, there’s nothing else available today that’s quite like the Bed Bug Plug. No other active monitoring solution is as affordable, effective, and easy to use long-term, and the fact that the Bed Bug Plug so easily hides in plain sight is just a cherry on top. For any sort of long-term bed bug monitoring in a home, the Bed Bug Plug is a no-brainer.

Bed Bug Plug Active Monitor and Trap

Bed Bug Plug is the only device of its kind designed specifically to capture and detect bed bugs before they become a nightmare for you and your family. Small, portable, lab tested and proven, the Bed Bug Plug uses no poisons or hars chemicals to attract and capture bed bugs.
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Bed Bug Plug
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MM Novato FAQ

Bed bugs have been with us for a long time. Despite only returning to epidemic levels in the last few years, the history of bed bugs and their ancestors date back to as much as 11,000 years ago. It was believed that bed bugs used to feed on bats and early humans in caves, then […]

The History of Bed Bugs, from Dinosaurs to Apartments

Bed bugs have been with us for a long time. Despite only returning to epidemic levels in the last few years, the history of bed bugs and their ancestors date back to as much as 11,000 years ago. It was believed that bed bugs used to feed on bats and early humans in caves, then followed those humans as they roamed further out into the world.

Or so was the theory until recently, when researchers found evidence that bed bugs actually lived before humans, crawling the Earth for at least 115 million years. How have bed bugs existed for so long? And what does the history of bed bugs mean when researching ways to get rid of bed bugs for good?

Bed bugs in the 20th century

DDT spraying during World War II. Credit: National Museum of Health and Medicine

While bed bugs have been feeding on us since ancient times, modern treatment methods didn’t begin appearing until chemical development in laboratories began in the early 1900s. Before then, traditional treatment efforts included the use bowls of oil under beds, laying out bean leaves with tiny barbs, burning decayed leaves to as a smoke-based method of home fumigation, or dusting the bedroom with plant ash.

This all changed after the Industrial Revolution. As electricity in homes became more common, bed bugs were able to more easily survive and thrive during the cold winter months. This allowed them to reproduce all year long and travel to other homes when their nests became overpopulated. As the rate of bed bug infestations increased, so too did the desire for industrious companies to develop a cure.

During World War II, the weapon of choice against bed bugs was fumigation with Zyklon B. This was somewhat effective, but Zyklon B developed an infamous reputation for its use in the death chambers of Nazi extermination camps. After the war, Zyklon B was largely replaced by DDT. DDT is an organochlorine that first gained favor in its use controlling malaria and typhus. By the end of 1945, DDT was widely available for sale to the American public.

DDT was so effective against 20th century bed bugs that it nearly wiped out the species completely. However, DDT was found to be toxic to a wide range of marine animals and was eventually linked to the thinning of eggshells. This thinning contributed to the decline of raptor birds such as the bald eagle and peregrine falcon. DDT was later banned in the US and those bird populations steadily recovered.

Today’s bed bugs are almost completely resistant to the effects of DDT and similar compounds. Common strains of bed bugs found in the US are also resistant to the pyrethroids that were developed after the DDT ban, forcing insecticide producers to develop new compounds. With the combination of these resistances and increased air travel, bed bugs have returned to their epidemic levels of yesteryear.

Prehistoric blood suckers

remains of bedbug relative
A partial fossil of a bed bug ancestor that dates back 5,100 years. Source: Science News

Modern bed bug infestations have spurred the need for modern bed bug research. While scientists are gradually learning more about these strange pests, their research has dug up a shockingly long timeline of the history of bed bugs. In 2017, the oldest known specimens of bed bug ancestors were found in an Oregon cave system. These fossils dated back somewhere between 5,000 and 11,000 years ago, which would place them within the first known human settlements such as Jericho and Aleppo.

Until very recently, there was a single dominant theory regarding the history of bed bugs and their ancestry: ancient predecessors fed on bats in caves until early humans came to inhabit the same caves. These bat bug ancestors then evolved alongside both bats and humans, feeding on the blood of both hosts to grow and reproduce. When those humans left the caves, the bugs that fed on them went with them. This lead to the divergence of the species known today as bed bugs and bat bugs.

This theory was just shaken by a discovery made in May of 2019: early ancestors of bed bugs have actually been around for at least 115 million years. This means that the parasites predated the bats that were their supposed first hosts by more than 30 million years. Not only does this mean that bed bug ancestors were feeding on animals that have long since gone extinct, it also means that the divergence of bed bug species happened long before mankind stopped dwelling in caves.

How this affects modern research

Modern bed bug research. Credit: US Navy

So what does this turn of events mean for research into new bed bug treatment methods? The reason it’s hard to provide a simple answer for that is because modern research of bed bugs is only just beginning. We don’t know yet if DNA research and genome mapping will lead to treatment or prevention breakthroughs, as such work has only taken off as a result of this recent bed bug epidemic.

The ancient ancestor discovery that broke the cave-dwellers theory was found by accident – researchers were actually trying to learn more about the unique method of mating that bed bugs employ. The practice is called “traumatic insemination”, in which the male pierces the female’s abdomen with his aedeagus and injects his sperm through the wound into her abdominal cavity.

In fact, the genome of the common bed bug was only mapped recently, in 2016 by researchers at the University of Rochester. Those researchers anticipate that the method in which they isolate bed bug genes could make those genes effective targets for future pest control products.

In the coming years, we may begin to see even more unique and innovative bed bug fighting tools enter this growing market. Researchers are hard at work discovering and studying new and unusual techniques that may be viable for consumer use in the near future. Concepts on display at recent conferences include fungal spores that sprout and strangle bed bugs or antibiotics in human blood that may weaken bugs that ingest them. The war on bed bugs is just getting started, and humanity is going to go in guns blazing.

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MM Novato Reviews

When you first found out you had bed bugs, one of the first thoughts you had was probably what spray you needed to buy to kill them. But there are so many insecticides to choose from when preparing for a bed bug treatment. Which one will work the best? Which is best for your needs? […]

Best Bed Bug Sprays and Powders in 2019

Using a bed bug spray

When you first found out you had bed bugs, one of the first thoughts you had was probably what spray you needed to buy to kill them. But there are so many insecticides to choose from when preparing for a bed bug treatment. Which one will work the best? Which is best for your needs? Here at Bed Bug Supply, we have years of experience helping people get rid of bed bugs on their own. Let’s go over the top professional-grade bed bug sprays and powders:

Best Contact Sprays

Bed bug sprays and powders come in two categories: contacts and residuals. A contact killer works exactly how you’d expect: it kills bed bugs on contact. This is a great solution for quickly cutting down on the population of a bed bug infestation.

Most common pesticides use outdated synthetic pyrethroids as their main active ingredients. While these are budget-friendly and work well with certain insect pests, they tend not to be effective on bed bugs that have developed a resistance to them over generations. Keep a close eye on the active ingredients when choosing the bed bug sprays for your treatment.

For Mattresses and Upholstery: STERI-FAB

While it was originally designed and marketed as a disinfectant, STERI-FAB has been used as an effective contact bed bug killer for many years. This popular spray evaporates within minutes, leaving no residues behind. The primary ingredient is isopropyl alcohol, which is non-staining and has no odor after it evaporates.

We like to use STERI-FAB to treat more sensitive areas and materials that you would be hesitant to treat with heavier bed bug sprays. This includes areas that come in contact with your skin like mattresses, sofa cushions, chairs, and other upholstered furniture.

For Bed Frames and Hard Surfaces: JT Eaton Kills Bed Bugs

Hard materials such as wooden bed frames, hardwood floors, baseboards and moldings usually have tight joints, nooks, and crannies that bed bugs can tuck away in. Hit these hiding places hard with a powerful contact killer like JT Eaton Kills Bed Bugs. This oil-based spray uses natural pyrethrum, a proven and potent bed bug kill.

JT Eaton Kills Bed Bugs is ideal for broad application, thanks to its quick evaporating and low odor. You can use JT Eaton Kills Bed Bugs to treat the bed frame, baseboards, floorboards, and wooden furniture in a bedroom, then follow up with STERI-FAB on more sensitive surfaces like the tufts and seams of the mattress.

Best Residual Sprays

Contact bed bug sprays are great for quickly cutting down on the population of an infestation, but they aren’t enough on their own. Contact killers evaporate and stop working shortly after they’re applied. For long-term management, you need residual bed bug sprays that can keep killing long after you lay them down.

For Mattresses and Upholstery: JT Eaton Kills Bed Bugs Plus

Just as with the contact bed bug sprays we already covered, you need to be considerate of which surface types you’re using a product on. Mattresses, sofas, and other soft upholstered surfaces are more sensitive during a treatment. Not only is there a greater risk of stains or lingering odors, but these are the surfaces your skin will be coming in contact with most often.

That’s why we recommend JT Eaton Kills Bed Bugs Plus. This is a 12-week residual killer with a non-staining, water-based formula that is safe for use on these types of fabrics. Use it on sofas, chairs, mattresses, curtains, and even carpeting. As long as you allow the spray to dry before touching the surface, it will kill bed bugs for weeks while leaving you safe and comfortable.

For Bed Frames and Hard Surfaces: Bedlam Plus

Contrary to popular belief, most bed bugs in an average infestation won’t be found on the mattress. You’ll find more in the joints and corners of the bed frame, as well as nearby nightstands, baseboards, and floorboards. For these hard surfaces, we recommend Bedlam Plus, a compound formula by MGK.

Bedlam Plus combines a dual-action residual compound with a fast-acting synergist to prevent resistance. Bedlam Plus is labeled for critical areas where bed bugs hide: box springs, headboards, walls, floors, and baseboards. Once applied, Bedlam Plus will continue killing for up to 14 days.

Best For Where Bed Bug Sprays Can’t Be Applied

As much as we’d like otherwise, bed bug sprays can’t be splashed on every surface, and into every nook and cranny, of a bedroom. It simply isn’t safe to spray a liquid into spaces with electrical wiring, and it isn’t effective to spray along the edges of the carpet in hopes of reaching beneath said carpet.

That’s where residual powders come in. These are simple, effective solid compounds that can be used where sprays shouldn’t be. They tend not to kill bed bugs as quickly, but they’re essential for a bed bug treatment due to the unique hiding places they are meant to be applied in, such as inside your walls and along the edges of carpet floors.

The Standard: JT Eaton Diatomaceous Earth Powder

One of the greatest values in the bed bug treatment world is good old diatomaceous earth. It’s a naturally occurring powder made from soft sedimentary rock. Diatomaceous earth is easy to apply and can kill bed bugs over an infinite period of time as long as it’s left dry and undisturbed. There are even food-grade variants that are safe for use in grain storage.

Using a powder applicator, you can puff diatomaceous earth along cracks and crevices like baseboards, floorboards, and where the carpet meets the floors. While it’s slow to kill, it’s guaranteed once the bed bug comes in contact with the dust. The dry silica clings to their waxy shells and absorbs vital fluids, slowly dehydrating each bug until it dies.

The Faster-Killing Upgrade: CimeXa

Choosing a bed bug powder used to be easy because there used to only be one good option on the market: diatomaceous earth. Now, CimeXa is rapidly becoming the bed bug powder of choice among pest management professionals.

CimeXa is a unique engineered silica dust that kills bed bugs up to three times faster than diatomaceous earth while keeping the same treatment properties. Like diatomaceous earth, CimeXa works by clinging to bed bugs that come in contact with it, absorbing the waxy cuticle on their shells until they die of dehydration. CimeXa can be applied as a dry dust or be mixed with water and applied through a hand-pumped sprayer. Once applied and left undisturbed, it can work for up to 10 years.

The Winning Combination

With all of these great bed bug sprays and powders to choose from, how can you determine which is right for you? The easy (and hopefully obvious) answer is that you need all of the types of products we discussed: contact sprays, residual sprays, and a residual powder. There are no shortcuts in a proper bed bug treatment, and skipping a step you need will likely cost you more than you saved.

Fortunately, all of these bases are covered by our professional bed bug kits. They’re available in three flavors based on your needs: First, you have the 1-2 room kit, the best choice for small residences. If you need to treat more rooms, you’ll need more spray and powder, so we offer the 3-4 room kit for larger residences. If you’re a professional looking to treat multiple homes, our commercial kit includes enough spray and powder to treat up to eight units.

Keep in mind that these kits are intended to be used as part of our professional 4-step solution. Our 4-step solution has been proven over the years to be the best do-it-yourself method out there. As always, make sure to follow the products’ labels and MSDS for safe and effective usage.

Our complete bed bug kit includes all the powders and sprays needed to treat your home like a professional throughout the initial treatment as well as 2 follow up treatments.
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Professional Bed Bug Kits
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10 Worst Bed Bug Cities in 2019 – Did Your City Make the List?

Worst Bed Bug Cities in America

“Worst Bed Bug City” is an award that nobody will show up to receive. It’s not pleasant to think of your hometown as a bed bug “hot spot”. But while bed bugs are active in all 50 states, some urban and metro centers see more infestations per year than others. Let’s go through the list and discuss why these bed bug cities are the unlucky winners:

#10: Phoenix, AZ

Bed bugs in Phoenix

The capital of Arizona is the only state capital with more than a million residents, making it easily the most populous capital city in the country. Its sprawling suburbs give Phoenician bed bugs ample opportunity to find new homes to infest. On top of that, Arizona’s famously hot and dry climate leads to long summers with residential air conditioning running day and night. This mild indoor climate is ideal for temperature-sensitive pests like bed bugs.

Phoenix has been one of the top 10 bed bug cities for a few years in a row now. Public sightings of bed bugs have been reported by the local news over that time, with bed bugs spotted in hotels, airports, restaurants, schools, and even libraries.

#9: Atlanta, GA

Bed bugs in Atlanta

The 9th worst bed bug city is also the 9th largest metropolitan area in the US. As the home to the world’s busiest airport, it makes sense that Atlanta would struggle with bed bug infestations. These creepy critters have lots of commuters and travelers to hitch rides with, allowing them to easily move from one infestation to the next.

But it’s not just about population and travel. Atlanta also has a warm, humid climate, with long summers and generally mild winters. These conditions are ideal for bed bugs to thrive and reproduce, since their activity level is tied to the overall temperature of their surroundings. In places where it’s warm most of the year, bed bugs will spend less time hibernating and more time feeding and breeding.

#8: Washington, DC

Bed bugs in Washington DC

The nation’s capital is one of the most visited cities in the world, with over 20 million tourists flying in annually. While the city itself is not exceptionally populous, commuters from nearby Maryland and Virginia suburbs raise the city’s daytime population significantly during the week. Unfortunately, many of those commuters will take home more than a paycheck.

A recurring theme of our lists of bed bug cities is weather. Like Atlanta and Phoenix above, DC is also home to a toasty, humid climate. With warm springs, hot summers, and mild falls, bed bugs have a long season every year to feed and reproduce without any temperature fluctuations interrupting them.

#7: Baltimore, MD

Bed bugs in Baltimore

Continuing the trend of bed bug cities in subtropical climate zones is Baltimore. This independent city features warm springs and autumns most years, while only three months out of the year have daily average highs below 50°F.

But Baltimore offers more perks to its native bed bugs than just sunny days and air conditioning. It’s a large metro area on its own, and is within commuting distance of Washington, DC, a major travel hub and fellow bed bug cities finalist. Add on the city’s thriving tourism and shipping industries, and you have a recipe that allows bed bugs to travel into Baltimore and stay put.

#6: New York, NY

Bed bugs in New York City

The five boroughs of NYC used to be one of the five worst bed bug cities, but The Big Apple seems to have turned things around in recent years. While there are still hundreds of thousands of infestations treated every year, New York has slipped down the ranks of bed bug cities.

The decline in infestations may be due to government efforts by the city and state. The City of New York offers a bed bug hotline to report infestations, and the Department of Housing Preservation and Development conducts urgent inspections after reports are received. Under the NYC Bed Bug Disclosure Act, landlords are required by law to notify prospective tenants about any bed bug infestations that have occurred on their property within the last year.

#5: Cincinnati, OH

Bed bugs in Cincinnati

For various reasons, the state of Ohio has faced some of the worst of this bed bug epidemic over the years. Cleveland, Columbus, and Cincinnati have all been frequent flyers on our lists of bed bug cities, and this year is no different. For 2019, the third-largest city in Ohio is the fifth worst of the big bed bug cities.

Cincinnati has three major sports teams, a huge university, a modern streetcar system, and a nearby airport that acts as a major travel and shipping hub. There’s a lot in the city to attract visitors and residents, and a lot of opportunities for those newcomers to bring bed bugs with them. While winters are colder in Ohio than in the subtropic states, summers in Cincinnati are long and warm enough to give bed bugs plenty of time to mature and reproduce.

#4: Detroit, MI

Bed bugs in Detroit

While the city itself has seen major population decline over the last several years, Detroit’s metro area is second only to Chicago’s in the American Midwest. With its busy airport and riverport, as well as the busiest crossing between the US and Canada, Detroit welcomes visitors for business and pleasure every day. That means bed bugs have ample opportunity to get around town to their next infestation.

While their rank as one of the worst bed bug cities may seem bleak, it’s actually a nice improvement for a city that once topped our list. Due to active efforts by both government agencies and pest management professionals, reports of infestations are down by about 15% this year compared to 2017 and 2018.

#3: Chicago, IL

Bed bugs in Chicago

The third most populous city in the country is also the third most popular city for bed bugs. The metro area that’s affectionately referred to as “Chicagoland” is an absolutely enormous array of cities and suburbs that is home to 10 million people. This gives bed bugs plenty of options to hitchhike from one of Chicago’s airports or public venues to one of so many nearby residences.

As an international hub for finance, industry, and transportation, Chicago has heaps of planes, trains, and cars moving in and out all day, every day. Bed bugs love hiding in clothes, luggage, and personal belongings to travel from their birthplace to a new home, where they can settle down and start a new infestation of their own.

#2: Philadelphia, PA

Bed bugs in Philadelphia

Continuing the trend of bed bug cities in the Northeast and Midwest is Philadelphia, the second top travel destination for American bed bugs. Sitting at the center of the densely populated Boston-Washington corridor, Philadelphia welcomes travelers from Boston, New York, New Jersey, Baltimore, and DC, along with other visitors from around the world.

Much like neighboring Baltimore, Philadelphia features a humid subtropical climate. This means hot and muggy summers with short winters, a favorite arrangement for bed bugs looking to start a family.

#1: Columbus, OH

Bed bugs in Columbus

Back to defend its title, Columbus has retaken the rank of one of the worst bed bug cities in America. But with less population, less travel, and colder winters than many other cities on the list, how does Columbus keep coming up as number 1?

Like with other cities, the popularity of Columbus is definitely a factor. As one of the fastest-growing cities in North America, Columbus features both a bustling urban populace and a rapidly expanding metro area made up of suburban communities. This means that both urban pedestrians and local commuters face a risk of crossing paths with bed bugs in the city’s many public places.

While not as warm year-round as the southern bed bug cities on this list, Ohio’s capital still has long, hot, and muggy summers thanks to its humid continental climate. The average daily high is over 60 degrees Fahrenheit for more than half of the year, and the cold and dry winter period tends to come on gradually rather than snap in overnight. This works out favorably for bed bugs that have grown accustomed to the same temperatures that humans are comfortable in.

Did your city make the list? Do your part by reducing the risk of infestation! Early prevention is key, so check out our guide on how to prevent bed bugs, both at home and on the go.

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